Indirecte rede: orders, verzoeken & suggesties | Engelse grammatica | EF

Indirecte rede: orders, verzoeken & suggesties

Indirecte orders en verzoeken

Als we een order of verzoek willen navertellen, kunnen we een werkwoord als 'tell' gebruiken met een to-bijzin: He told me to go away. De constructie is werkwoord + meewerkend voorwerp + to-bijzin. Het meewerkend voorwerp is de persoon waartegen gesproken wordt. Andere werkwoorden die gebruikt worden om orders en verzoeken op deze manier na te vertellen zijn: command, order, warn, ask, advise, invite, beg, teach & forbid.

Voorbeelden
Directe rede Indirecte rede
The doctor said to me, "Stop smoking!". The doctor told me to stop smoking.
"Get out of the car!" said the policeman. The policeman ordered him to get out of the car.
"Could you please be quiet," she said. She asked me to be quiet.
The man with the gun said to us, "Don't move!" The man with the gun warned us not to move.
Verzoeken om voorwerpen

Verzoeken om voorwerpen worden naverteld met gebruik van de constructie "asked for" + voorwerp.

Voorbeelden
Directe rede Indirecte rede
"Can I have an apple?", she asked. She asked for an apple.
"Can I have the newspaper, please?" He asked for the newspaper.
"May I have a glass of water?" he said. He asked for a glass of water.
"Sugar, please." She asked for the sugar.
"Could I have three kilos of onions?" He asked for three kilos of onions.

Suggesties

Suggesties worden het meest naverteld door middel van de werkwoorden suggest, insist, recommend, demand, request en propose, gevolgd door een dat-bijzin. 'That' en 'should' zijn optioneel in deze bijzinnen, zoals aangetoond in de eerste twee voorbeelden hieronder. Let wel dat suggest, recommend en propose ook gevolgd kunnen worden door een gerundium teneinde het meewerkend voorwerp (degene voor wie de suggestie bestemd is) weg te laten en op die manier de suggestie beleefder te maken. Het gebruik van de gerundium wordt aangetoond in het vierde en vijfde voorbeeld hieronder.

Voorbeelden
Directe rede Indirecte rede
She said, "Why don't you get a mechanic to look at the car?" She suggested that I should get a mechanic to look at the car. OF
She suggested I should get a mechanic to look at the car. OF
She suggested that I get a mechanic to look at the car.OF
She suggested I get a mechanic to look at the car.
"Why don't you go to the doctor?" he said. He suggested I go to the doctor. OF
He suggested that I go to the doctor. OF
He suggested I should go to the doctor.OF
He suggested that I should go to the doctor.
"It would be a good idea to see the dentist", said my mother. My mother suggested I see the dentist.
The dentist said, "I think you should use a different toothbrush". The dentist recommended using a different toothbrush.
You said, "I don't think you have time to see the dentist this week." You suggested postponing my visit to the dentist.
I said, "I don't think you should see the dentist this week." I suggested postponing your visit to the dentist.
My manager said, "I think we should examine the budget carefully at this meeting." My manager proposed that we examine the budget carefully at the meeting.
"Why don't you sleep overnight at my house?" she said. She suggested that I sleep overnight at her house.