Indirecte rede: verwachtingen, bedoelingen & beloftes | Engelse grammatica | EF

Indirecte rede: verwachtingen, bedoelingen & beloftes

Navertellen van verwachtingen, bedoelingen en beloftes

Als we een bedoeling, verwachting of belofte navertellen, gebruiken we het juiste navertellende werkwoord gevolgd door een 'that'-bijzin, met 'would' erin, of een to-infinitief bijzijn. Gebruikte woorden in deze constructie zijn o.a.: hope, promise, threaten, guarantee & swear. Let wel: het woord 'that' is optioneel bij gebruik van een that-bijzin, zoals in het eerste voorbeeld hieronder.

Voorbeelden
Directe rede Indirecte rede
"I'll pay you the money tomorrow," he said. He promised to pay me the money the next day. OF
He promised that he would pay me the money the next day. OF
He promised he would pay me the money the next day.
"I'll be back by lunchtime," he said. He promised to be back by lunchtime. OF
He promised that he would be back by lunchtime.
"We should arrive in London before nightfall," they said. They hoped to arrive in London before nightfall. OF
They hoped they would arrive in London before nightfall.
"Give me the keys to the safe or I'll shoot you!" he shouted. He threatened to shoot me if I didn't give him the keys to the safe. OF
He threatened that he would shoot me if I didn't give him the keys to the safe.
"I will not tell anyone your secret" he said. He swore that he would not tell anyone my secret. OF
He swore not to tell anyone my secret.